For decades, airless space studied government agencies. Like NASA and the English Space Agency. But in recent years things have changed.
Until 2004, no one imagined that independent companies are able to replace the above-mentioned organizations. Even for the delivery of tourists to the ISS were taken only national authorities.
However, there was SpaceShipOne and the world was quite different.
October 4, 2014 marks the 10th anniversary of the victory of the largest private space exploration. Then the company Scaled Composites, which specializes in experimental aircraft, won the competition Ansari X Prize.
The main condition of the competition was to create an effective suborbital spaceship. And quite complex: manned and capable of reaching space with three people on board.
And not once, but twice over a period of 14 days.
For an exact match these requirements had been promised $ 10 million. Money, as you may guess, were engineers SpaceShipOne.
They ship easily committed both scoring flight. The first time the car went up to a height of 102.93 km. It happened on September 29 2004, there was a second start after 5 days. As a result – the crew got to record a ceiling of 112 km.
Why is it so important? The answer is simple. The incident proved that a small team of entrepreneurs “cope” with the cosmos is not worse than the government. But these things seemed a fantasy.
Moreover, in the SpaceShipOne technology originated legendary Virgin Galactic, founded by Richard Branson. Now his corporation sells all those who want to climb into the sky. Issue price – $ 250 000.
Perspectives in business – great. After all, the next flights to places sold out and customers are the “stars” (Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber and other celebrities).